The Parliament of India is a splendid manifestation of the democratic philosophy of our country. It is the legislative body of India.  Its two imperative characteristics are that the Head of the State is an integral part of the Legislature and that it is a bicameral Legislature. Article 79 of the Indian Constitution provides: “There shall be a parliament for the Union which shall consist of the President and two Houses to be known respectively as the Council of States and the House of the People”.


    In regard to the constitution of the Union Parliament, the Indian Constitution has adopted the English pattern. This acclaimed house originally called House of Parliament was designed by the British architects’ Sir Edwin Lutyens and Sir Herbert Baker in 1912-1913.  The shape of the building is circular which is based on the Chausath Yogini temple. The construction of the building took six years and the opening ceremony was performed on 18 Jan 1927 by Lord Irwin. This building is surrounded by large gardens. The two Houses of Parliament came into being in 1952.


    Speaker Sumitra Mahajan in December 2015 wrote to the Urban Development Ministry saying the 88-year-old building is showing ‘signs of distresses and stressing the need for a new building. In the letter, the Speaker said the number of seats in the Lok Sabha could rise “in accordance with the provisions of the Explanation to clause (3) Article 81 of the Constitution”.

    Press Trust of India reported that the Speaker wrote in her letter the need to have the new building technologically equipped so as to have the MPs with the latest gadgets and to get Parliament totally paperless. There was also a plan to build an underground tunnel to connect the existing complex with the new building.


    The environment ministry’s Expert Appraisal committee cleared the parliament project at a cost of Rs. 922 crore on 02 May 2020. The Supreme Court also refused to stay the Central Vista redevelopment project. Seven big construction companies, including Tata, L&T, and UP govt. undertaking, have submitted bids for pre-qualification for the contract to build a new parliament building. It is expected to be completed in 21 months, when India would celebrate its 75th year of Independence.


    Over the years many planned and unplanned changes have been made, often undocumented. It is in dire need of retrofitting as soon as possible. This can be done once the building is in an unfilled position and that will happen once the new building is made available. Therefore, the development of the proposed Parliament Building is of utmost importance.