The man behind the longest judgement in India, a landmark case that propounded the Theory of Basic Structure, Keshavananda Bharati, passed away on Sunday, September 6, 2020. He was the petitioner to the very famous case of Keshavananda Bharati and Ors. v. State of Kerala where he challenged the Law Reforms of Kerala back in 1973 establishing Supreme Court as the guardian of the law of the land.
The 79-years-old died of age-related maladies at the Edaneer Mutt. The case involved the largest bench to sit in the Supreme Court, comprising of thirteen (13) judges. It was a revolutionary case as it set forth the principle that, The Supreme Court is the guardian of the basic structure of the constitution. The case was also one of the longest proceedings in the history of all Supreme Court cases.
Justice K Chandru, Former Judge of the Madras High Court said, “The Keshavananda Bharati Case is significant for its ruling that the constitution can be amended but not the basic structure”.
The Supreme Court in this case ruled the 24th Amendment which was concerned with the powers of the Parliament to amend any part of the Constitution. But it was held in this case, that Parliament cannot make any such amendments in the constitution that would alter the “basic structure of the constitution”.