Last year, Central Government came out with an ordinance in June 2020, and then, in its monsoon session of Lok Sabha and Rajya Sabha, passed 3 bills by voice vote, and the assent for the same, was given by the Hon’ble President on 27.09.2020.
The stated motive of the Central Government in the introduction is to change the way, agricultural produce is marketed, sold, and stored across the country. The three Acts enacted are as follows:
- Farmers’ Produce Trade and Commerce (Promotion and Facilitation) Act, 2020.
- Farmers (Empowerment and Protection) Agreement on Price Assurance and Farm Services Act, 2020, and
- The Essential Commodities (Amendment) Act, 2020.
Since then, huge agitation is being held by the farmers at Delhi Borders against these farm laws, believing it to be unconstitutional and anti -farmers law. As the Act has opened up the market for private players there is fear in the mind of farmers that it will affect the APMC mandi which also has its effect on the MSP system (Minimum Support price. Seeing such a long protest from the date the bill was tabled and passed and no effective solution arriving even after the negotiations be held between the Central government and farmers, Supreme Court passed an interim order on 12th January 2021 staying the implementation of these laws. The Apex court has ordered the formation of a 4-member committee, to submit a report of recommendations to understand the ground-level reality after taking the opinions of government, farmers, and other stakeholders. The committee must submit its report within two months of the order until then MSP System which had no mention in the Act shall continue as before the Act was enacted, and the farmers’ holding shall be protected till further orders.