This article is written by Janvi Johar, 2nd year student pursuing B.A.LLB (H) from Amity University, Noida.
“I wholeheartedly welcome the approval of the National Education Policy 2020! This was a long due and much-awaited reform in the education sector, which will transform millions of lives in the times to come!”
– Prime Minister Narendra Modi
Three decades have gone by since there has been any change in the “Education Policy” of India. During all the years, the world of education has seen a drastic shift and the advent of technology has changed the whole scenario. Thus, the present government was of a view to creating a new and amended policy which is at power with the current scenario in the world of education. Quality, Innovation, and Research were aimed to make the three pills of Indian Education. Thus, the Union Cabinet on 29th July 2020, gave nod to the “New Education Policy 2020“ which proposes several structural changes in all levels of education with an aim for a hundred percent adult literacy in India.
This article aims to highlight the key provisions of this new education policy 2020.
1. REFORMS IN HIGHER EDUCATION
- With an increase of at least 3.5 Crore new seats, this policy aims to rapidly increase the Gross Enrollment Ratio to 50% by 2035.
- This new education policy 2020 aims to create a multidisciplinary approach with flexible curricula and various entry and exit points.
- Due to the unprecedented COVID-19 pandemic, this policy aims to build infrastructure to support digital education.
- Creation of an ‘Academic Bank of Credit’ to digitally store and transfer the credit earned from various universities.
- Expansion of National Scholarship Portal to extended financial aid to students.
- Establishment of National Testing Agency to offer aptitude tests for students at least twice a year.
2. REFORMS IN SECONDARY EDUCATION
- The present school curricula (10+2) would be replaced with the new 5+3+3+4 structure, with an aim to recognize the age group of 3-6 years for their enhanced mental and physical development.
- Establishment of Gender Inclusion Fund and Special Educational Zones to provide aid to common citizens.
- The new policy aims to introduce teaching in the mother tongue i.e. the local language of the region till class 5.
- Reforms in the assessment policy with an aim for the holistic development of a student.
- There will be increased flexibility with the choice of subjects with a focus on vocational skills
This new education policy 2020 is said to be formulated after an inclusive and consultative process by taking into consideration the views of experts, research, and stakeholder’s feedback. However, the major challenge that lies in front of this new policy is its effective implementation.
This article is edited by Rupreet Kaur Dhariwal.